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Ertugrul Bey: The Historical Facts and Fiction Behind the Popular TV Series

Ertugrul Bey: The Father of the Ottoman Empire




  • Who was Ertugrul Bey?

  • Why is he important in history?

  • What is the source of information about him?

Ertugrul Bey was a 13th-century Turkish Muslim warrior and leader of the Kayi tribe. He is widely regarded as the father of Osman I, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, one of the largest and longest-lasting empires in history.

But who was Ertugrul Bey and what did he do? How did he pave the way for his son to establish a mighty dynasty that ruled over three continents for six centuries? And what do we know about his life and achievements?

ertugrul bey

In this article, we will explore the fascinating story of Ertugrul Bey, based on the historical sources and legends that have been passed down through generations. We will also look at how he has been portrayed in popular culture, especially in the Turkish TV series Dirilis: Ertugrul, which has gained a huge fan base around the world.

The Early Life of Ertugrul Bey

  • When and where was he born?

  • Who were his parents and siblings?

  • What was his tribe and culture?

Ertugrul Bey was born around 1191 in Central Asia, in the region that is now Turkmenistan. He belonged to the Kayi tribe, one of the many Turkic tribes that had migrated westward from their ancestral lands to escape the Mongol invasions.

The Kayi tribe followed the Oghuz tradition, which traced their lineage to Oghuz Khan, a legendary ancestor of the Turks. They also adhered to the Sunni branch of Islam, which they had embraced since the 10th century.

Ertugrul Bey was the son of Suleyman Shah or Gunduz Alp, depending on the source, and Hayme Hatun. He had three brothers: Sungurtekin, Gündoğdu, and Dündar. He also had an adopted sister, Selcan Hatun, who was married to his brother Gündoğdu.

The Battles of Ertugrul Bey

  • How did he fight against the Mongols, Crusaders, and Byzantines?

  • What were his main victories and challenges?

  • How did he expand his territory and influence?

Ertugrul Bey was a brave and skilled warrior who faced many enemies in his quest to establish a safe and prosperous homeland for his people. He fought against the Mongols, who were a constant threat to the Turkic tribes and the Muslim world. He also clashed with the Crusaders, who were trying to capture Jerusalem and other holy lands from the Muslims. And he confronted the Byzantines, who ruled over Anatolia and wanted to stop the Turkic migration and expansion.

Some of his most notable battles were:




Battle of Yassıçemen


Ertugrul Bey and his alps fought alongside Sultan Alaaddin Keykubad I of the Sultanate of Rum against a Mongol army led by Baycu Noyan. The battle was a decisive victory for the Turks, who inflicted heavy casualties on the Mongols and captured their commander.

Battle of Karacahisar


Ertugrul Bey besieged and captured the Byzantine fortress of Karacahisar, which was a strategic location on the road to Constantinople. He also rescued Halime Sultan, the daughter of Seljuk Sultan Kayqubad I, who was held captive by the Byzantines.

Battle of Köse Dağ


Ertugrul Bey participated in the battle as an ally of Kaykhusraw II, the Seljuk Sultan of Rum, against a large Mongol invasion led by Baiju Noyan. The battle was a disastrous defeat for the Turks, who lost their independence and became vassals of the Mongols. Ertugrul Bey managed to escape with some of his men and continued to resist the Mongol domination.

Battle of Erzincan


Ertugrul Bey led a raid against the Mongol camp in Erzincan, where he killed their commander Alincak and freed many Turkic prisoners. He also recovered the sacred relics of the Kayi tribe, which were stolen by the Mongols.

Battle of Domaniç


Ertugrul Bey supported his son Osman in his first major battle against a Byzantine army led by Tekfur Aya Nikola. The battle was a victory for the Turks, who proved their strength and courage against a larger and better-equipped enemy.

Ertugrul Bey's battles not only secured his survival and reputation, but also paved the way for his son Osman to establish the Ottoman state, which would later become one of the greatest empires in history.

The Legacy of Ertugrul Bey

  • How did he die and where is he buried?

  • What did he leave behind for his son and successors?

  • How is he remembered and honored today?

Ertugrul Bey died around 1280 or 1281, at the age of about 90. According to some sources, he died of natural causes, while others claim that he was poisoned by his enemies. He was buried in Söğüt, the town that he founded and ruled, and his tomb is still visited by many people who pay their respects to him.

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Ertugrul Bey left behind a legacy of courage, faith, and leadership for his son Osman and his successors. He gave them a vision of a state that would uphold the values of Islam and protect the rights of the oppressed. He also gave them a strong foundation of military and political skills, as well as loyal allies and followers. He is considered the father of the Ottoman Empire, which would rule over much of the Middle East, North Africa, Southeast Europe, and parts of Asia for over six centuries.

Ertugrul Bey is remembered and honored today as a hero and a role model for many Muslims, especially Turks. His life and achievements have been celebrated in various forms of art and culture, such as literature, poetry, music, and film. The most popular and recent example is the Turkish TV series Dirilis: Ertugrul, which has been watched by millions of people around the world. The series depicts the struggles and victories of Ertugrul Bey and his tribe against their enemies, as well as their personal and spiritual journeys. The series has been praised for its historical accuracy, cultural authenticity, and moral messages.


  • Summarize the main points of the article

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  • Thank the reader for their time and attention

In conclusion, Ertugrul Bey was a remarkable figure in history who played a crucial role in the formation of the Ottoman Empire. He was a brave and noble warrior who fought against various enemies to secure a homeland for his tribe and his faith. He was also a wise and generous leader who inspired loyalty and respect from his people and his allies. He left behind a legacy of courage, faith, and leadership for his son Osman and his successors, who would go on to create one of the greatest empires in history.

If you want to learn more about Ertugrul Bey and his adventures, you can watch the TV series Dirilis: Ertugrul, which is available on Netflix and other platforms. You can also read some books and articles that explore his life and achievements, such as Ertugrul Gazi: The Spiritual Warrior by Resit Haylamaz, or The Rise of the Ottoman Empire: The History of the Turkish Empires Establishment across the Middle East and Eastern Europe by Charles River Editors.

Thank you for reading this article. We hope you enjoyed it and learned something new. Please feel free to share your thoughts and comments below.


  • What are some common questions that readers might have about Ertugrul Bey or the article?

  • What are some concise and accurate answers that address those questions?

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